Learn SEO – Sitemap Creation

SITEMAPS - Learn about sitemaps


Sitemaps! Is it necessary to a website? What are the sitemaps? How to create the sitemaps? What are the benefits of sitemaps? Is there any correlation of sitemaps between Onpage and off page? What happens if a website doesn’t have a sitemap? For all these questions you are at right place to discover your answers.








What is a Sitemap?
It is a page or document which includes URL of all the pages in the website. It helps access or crawls all the pages of the website. All URL’s are hierarchically organized in a well-fashioned manner.

How many sitemaps are there?
4 types of Sitemaps
1.    XML Sitemaps
·         Google guidelines for XML Sitemaps
·         A sitemap can contain only 50,000 URL’s
·         Size of file should be less than 50mb
·         If sitemaps contain more than 50000 URL, then break sitemaps into several sitemaps using Sitemap Index File
·         For example –
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <sitemapindex xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9">
   <sitemap>
      <loc>http://www.example.com/sitemap1.xml.gz</loc>
      <lastmod>2004-10-01T18:23:17+00:00</lastmod>
   </sitemap>
   <sitemap>
      <loc>http://www.example.com/sitemap2.xml.gz</loc>
      <lastmod>2005-01-01</lastmod>
   </sitemap>
   </sitemapindex>
·         It is obvious that sitemap automatically crawled or indexed by the Google
·         www or non-www website, sitemap automatically detected by the Google
·         Sitemap must contain - xmlns=http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9 namespace.


How to create a sitemap manually?
Here is the example to create manual sitemap!

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<urlset xmlns=”http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9″>
   <url>
      <loc>http://www.example.com/</loc>
      <lastmod>2004-01-01</lastmod>
      <changefreq>Weekly</changefreq>
      <priority>0.9</priority>
   </url>
</urlset>




READ - Do you Know What is ORM?




2.    ROR Sitemaps
·         ROR stands for the resources of resources
·         ROR information is stored in the feed ror.xml
·         ROR is used to store descriptive information about website
·         Descriptive information includes Price, Pages, product, currency, availability, kind, etc.

Example

<Resource rdf:about=”web-hosting”>
    <type>Product</type>
    <title>Website Development</title>
    <url>http://www.example.com/Webdevelopment.htm</url>   
    <image>http://www.example.com/domains.gif</image>
    <price>89.75</price>
    <priceRecur>67.50</priceRecur>
    <priceRecurPeriod>month</priceRecurPeriod>
    <priceRecurRate>2</priceRecurRate>
    <currency>euro</currency>
    <available>no</available>
    <kind>service</kind>
    <resourceOf rdf:resource=”products”/>
</Resource>



3.    HTML Sitemaps
·         HTML sitemaps make website user-friendly
·         All pages of websites arranged according to topic through HTLMML page
·         HTML sitemaps are generated with the help of third party tools


4.    URLLIST Sitemaps
·         It is comfortable for the Yahoo search engine
·         Saved through urllist.txt
·         It is located in the root directory




What is the format of sitemap?
·         Sitemap.xml
·         Sitemap.html
·         Sitemap.ror
·         urllist.txt

How to find whether a website has a sitemap or not?
After home page URL of the website
type – sitemap.xml, sitemap.ror, sitemap.ror, urllist.txt

Why website need sitemap?
·         Sitemaps make crawlers find all website information in single page.
·         How frequency of web pages change
·         It makes flash and non-html websites searchable easily by the crawlers
·         Sitemaps replace the older mechanism to submit web pages manually through the forum


Final Tree of Sitemap
·         XML Sitemap
§  Index Sitemap
·         URL Sitemap
§  Sitemaps for Webpages
§  Sitemaps for Images
§  Sitemaps for videos
·         HTML Sitemaps

How to generate Sitemaps? Is there any tool to generate Sitemap?
Here is the sitemap generation tool –
https://www.xml-sitemaps.com/
Only 50,000 web pages are discovered by this tool

What about the website sitemap if have more than 50,000 web pages?
Break sitemaps into several sitemaps.




Do you know about the requirements for the Video sitemaps?
Here is the following information need for generating video sitemaps
·         Required title
·         Well versed description
·         URL of the video play page
·         URL of the thumbnail
·         It is necessary to have the raw video URL

Video sitemap Tags are as Follows-
<loc>
<video:video>
<video:thumbnail_loc>
<video:title>
<video:description>
<video:content_loc>
<video:player_loc>
<video:duration>
<video:expiration_date>
<video:rating>
<video:view_count>
<video:publication_date>
<video:family_friendly>
<video:tag>
<video:category>
<video:restriction>
<video:gallery_loc>
<video:price>
<video:requires_subscription>
<video:uploader>
<video:live>


Conclusion


Sitemaps are the important part of any website, so use tools to create a sitemap, because sitemaps help to make a website easily searchable by the search engine crawlers. It also improves the better ranking of the website. It is one of the most important Onpage optimization part.

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